Cow's Milk

  • All FDA-regulated manufactured food products that contain milk as an ingredient are required by U.S. law to list the word “milk” on the product label.

Ingredients containing cow's milk on food labels:
  • Milk
  • Butter
  • Buttermilk
  • Casein & caseinates
  • Cheese
  • Cream, whipped cream
  • Curds
  • Custard
  • Dairy product solids
  • Diacetyl
  • Galactose
  • Ghee
  • Half & Half
  • Hydrolysates
  • Ice cream, ice milk, sherbet-----------
  • Lactalbumin
  • Lactate solids
  • Lactyc yeast
  • Lactitol monohydrate
  • Lactoferrin
  • Lactoglobulin
  • Lactose
  • Lactulose
  • Milk, milk fat
  • Nisin preparation
  • Nougat
  • Pudding
  • Quark
  • Recaldent
  • Rennet
  • Simplesse
  • Sour cream
  • Tagatose
  • Whey
  • Yogurt

May Contain Milk:
  • Artificial flavoring
  • Artificial butter flavor
  • Caramel flavoring
  • Chocolate
  • High protein flour
  • Lactic acid
  • Lactic acid starter culture
  • Lunch meat, hot dogs, sausage
  • Margarine
  • Nisin
  • Nougat
  • Rice cheese, soy cheese

Should be Safe (unless allergic to soy, etc.)
  • Rice milk
  • Soy milk
  • Almond milk
  • Cocoabutter
  • Coconut milk
  • Calcium lactate
  • Calcium stearoyl lactylate
  • Oleoresein
  • Cream of tartar
  • Sodium stearoyl lactylate





Soy

  • All FDA-regulated manufactured food products that contain soy as an ingredient are required by U.S. law to list the word “soy” on the product label.

Ingredients containing soy on food labels:
  • Anything containing the word "soy" (except soy oil and soy lecithin)
  • Edamame, soybeans
  • Kinnoko flour
  • Kyodofu
  • Miso
  • Natto
  • Okara
  • Shoyu sauce
  • Soya, soya flour
  • Soybean granules
  • Soybean curd
  • Soybean oil (cold pressed, expeller pressed, or extruded)
  • Soybean paste
  • Supro
  • Tamari
  • Tempeh
  • Teriyaki sauce
  • Textured vegetable protein
  • Tofu
  • Yakidofu
  • Yuba

May Contain Soy:
  • Artificial flavoring
  • Natural flavoring
  • Hydrolyzed plant or vegetable protein
  • Most Asian cuisines
  • Vegetable broth, vegetable gum or starch-----

Should be safe:
  • Soy oil or vegetable oil that is highly refined or purified
  • Soy lecithin





Egg

  • All FDA-regulated manufactured food products that contain milk as an ingredient are required by U.S. law to list the word “egg” on the product label.
  • Individuals with egg allergy should also avoid eggs from duck, turkey, goose, quail, etc., as these are known to be cross-reactive with chicken egg.

Ingredients containing soy on food labels:
  • Anything containing the word "egg"
  • Albumin
  • Apovitellin
  • Cholesterol free egg substitute (e.g. Eggbeaters®)
  • Eggnog
  • Fat substitutes
  • Globulin
  • Livetin
  • Lysozyme
  • Mayonnaise
  • Meringue, meringue powder
  • Ovalbumin
  • Ovoglobulin
  • Ovomucin
  • Ovomucoid
  • Ovotransferrin
  • Ovovitelia
  • Ovovitellin
  • Silici albuminate
  • Simplesse
  • Trailblazer
  • Vitellin

May Contain Egg:
  • Artificial flavoring
  • Natural flavoring
  • Baked goods
  • Macaroni
  • Marzipan
  • Nougat
  • Pasta
  • Lecithin
  • Nougat




Wheat

  • All FDA-regulated manufactured food products that contain wheat as an ingredient are required by U.S. law to list the word “wheat” on the product label.

Ingredients containing wheat on food labels:
  • Flour and types of flour
  • Bread, couscous, crackers, noodles, pasta----
  • Bran Bulgur
  • Cereal extract
  • Club wheat
  • Common wheat
  • Durum wheat
  • Einkorn
  • Emmer
  • Farina
  • Fu
  • Germ
  • Gluten
  • Kamut
  • Macaroni
  • Malt, malt extract
  • Matzo, matzoh, matzah or matsoh
  • Pasta
  • Seitan
  • Semolina
  • Spelt
  • Tabbouleh
  • Triticale
  • Triticum
  • Triticosecale
  • Vital gluten
  • Wheat, wheat berries, wheat bran, wheat germ, wheat gluten, wheat grass, wheat malt, wheat starch, wheat sprouts
  • Whole wheat berries
  • Whole wheat bread

May Contain Wheat:
  • Artificial flavoring, natural flavoring
  • Caramel color
  • Dextrin, maltodextrin
  • Food starch (gelatinized starch, modified food starch, vegetable starch)
  • Hydrolyzed or textured vegetable protein
  • Monosodium glutamate (MSG)
  • Oats
  • Shoyu sauce, soy sauce, tamari, teriyaki
  • Surimi
  • Vegetable gum




Peanut

  • All FDA-regulated manufactured food products that contain peanut as an ingredient are required by U.S. law to list the word “peanut” on the product label.

Ingredients containing peanut on food labels:
  • Anything with the word "peanut"-------
  • Arachis oil
  • Arachis
  • Artificial nuts
  • Beer nuts
  • Boiled peanuts
  • Crushed nuts
  • Earth nuts
  • Goobers
  • Ground nuts
  • Hypogaeic acid
  • Mandelonas
  • Mixed nuts
  • Monkey nuts
  • Nu nuts flavored nuts
  • Nut pieces
  • Nutmeat
  • Peanut oil (cold pressed, extruded-or-expelled)

May Contain Peanuts:
  • Artificial flavoring
  • Natural flavoring
  • Hydrolyzed plant protein
  • Hydrolyzed vegetable protein
  • African, Asian (especially Chinese, Indian, Indonesian, Thai, and Vietnamese), and Mexican dishes
  • Baked goods (e.g., pastries, cookies)
  • Candy (including chocolate candy)
  • Chili
  • Egg rolls
  • Enchilada sauce
  • Marzipan
  • Mole sauce
  • Nougat

Should be safe:
  • Purified or highly refined peanut oil



Tree nuts

  • All FDA-regulated manufactured food products that contain a tree nut as an ingredient are required by U.S. law to list the specific tree nut on the product label.

Ingredients containing tree-nut on food labels:
  • Almond
  • Beechnut
  • Brazil nut
  • Bush nut
  • Cashew
  • Anacardium nuts
  • Chestnut
  • Chinquapin
  • Coconut
  • Hazelnut
  • Filbert
  • Nutella ®
  • Ginko nut
  • Ginko biloba
  • Hickory nut
  • Lichee nut
  • Lychee nut
  • Macadamia nut
  • Macadamia nut butter
  • Marzipan
  • Nangai nut
  • Pecan
  • Pralines
  • Pine nut (piñon, pinyon, pigndi, pigñolia, pignon nuts)
  • Pistachio
  • Shea nut
  • Walnut
  • Butter nut
  • Japanese walnut
  • Heartnut
  • Hickory nut
  • Natural nut extract (for example,
  • almond extract)
  • Nougat
  • Nu-Nuts®
  • Nut butters (e.g., Cashew butter as-well as other nut oils)
  • Nut meal
  • Nutmeat
  • Nut milks (e.g., Almond milk)
  • Nut oils (e.g., Walnut oil as well as other nut oils)
  • Nut paste
  • Nut pieces

May Contain Tree-nuts:
  • Natural flavoring
  • Artificial flavoring
  • Black walnut hull extract (flavoring)
  • Nut distillates/alcoholic extracts
  • Mortadella deli meat (may contain pistachios)

Should be safe:
  • Water chestnut




Seafood

  • "Seafood" includes:
    • Vertebrate finned fish
      • Salmon, tuna, cod, bass, swordfish, etc.
    • Shellish
      • Crustaceans - All FDA-regulated manufactured food products that contain a crustacean shellfish as an ingredient are required by U.S. law to list the specific crustacean shellfish on the product label.
        • Barnacle
        • Crab
        • Crawfish (crawdad, crayfish, ecrevisse)
        • Krill
        • Lobster (langouste, langoustine, Moreton bay bugs, scampi, tomalley)
        • Prawns
        • Shrimp (crevette, scampi)
      • Mollusks - Not considered major allergens under food labeling laws and may not be fully disclosed on a product label.
        • Abalone
        • Clams (cherrystone, geoduck, littleneck, pismo, quahog)
        • Cockle
        • Cuttlefish
        • Limpet (lapas, opihi)
        • Mussels
        • Octopus
        • Oysters
        • Periwinkle
        • Scallops
        • Sea cucumber
        • Sea urchin
        • Snails (escargot)
        • Squid (calamari)
        • Whelk (Turban shell)
      • Shellfish are sometimes found in the following:
        • Bouillabaisse
        • Cuttlefish ink
        • Fish stock
        • Glucosamine seafood flavoring (e.g., crab or clam extract)
        • Surimi

  • General precautions
    • Avoid cross contamination:
      • Seafood counters, restaurants, shared restaurant equipment (especially fryers)
      • Contact with contaminated saliva through kissing or sharing of utensils.
    • Aerosolized seafood allergens — can be vaporized or released in steam during cooking, reactions may occur from being near cooking fish or in fish markets.
    • Read food labels:
      • All major food allergens except mollusks are required to be listed on food ingredient labels.
      • Fish gelatin is a food additive derived from fish skin
      • Some individuals with fish allergy may tolerate fish oil supplements
      • Medications, various health foods, and cosmetics may have ingredients derived from seafood, and labeling of non-food items is not strictly regulated.
      • Fish products can be used as clarifying (or fining) agents in the manufacture of some wines. However, available studies indicate that residual fining agents are unlikely to cause allergic reactions in fish allergic individuals.




Sesame Seeds


Avoid foods that contain:
  • Anything with the word "sesame"--
  • Anjonjoli
  • Benne
  • Gingelly
  • Gomasio (sesame salt)
  • Falafel
  • Falafel vegetable burgers
  • Halvah
  • Hummus
  • Seed paste
  • Sesame seed
  • Sesame seed oil
  • Sesamol
  • Sesemolina
  • Sesamum indicum
  • Sim sim
  • Simsin
  • Tahini (Tehina)
  • Til
  • Teel
  • Turkish cake

Foods that commonly contain sesame:
  • Appetizers
  • Asian food
  • Biscuits
  • Baked goods such as bagels, bread, buns, rolls, pastries
  • Candy
  • Chutneys
  • Confection bars
  • Crackers
  • Gluten free foods
  • Middle Eastern food
  • Muesli
  • Processed meats
  • Risotto
  • Sauces
  • Sausages
  • Snack foods such as trail mix, granola bars, protein bars, pita chips
  • Veggie burgers


Corn

  • Not a common food allergen
  • No detectable corn protein in:
    • Corn syrup (also known as glucose syrup)
    • Corn syrup solids
    • Glucose, dextrose, maltodextrin
    • Corn oil
    • High fructose corn syrup
  • Corn starch can contain up to 40 ppm (mcg/g) of corn protein and is probably tolerated by most individuals with IgE-mediated corn allergy
    • Baking powder contains corn starch, but the amount of baking powder used in a product is small and the amount of corn starch would be even smaller, therefore, the amount of corn protein would be undetectable in a serving


Avoidance During Air Travel

  • The following actions may significantly decrease the risk of in-flight reactions:
    • Request any special accommodation due to allergy
    • Request a peanut/tree nut–free meal
    • Wipe tray table
    • Avoid airline pillows or blankets
    • Request a buffer zone
    • Request other passengers not consume peanut/tree nut–containing products
    • Not consuming airline-provided food


References


Kids with Food Allergies - Hidden Names
Food Allergy Initiative - Food Allergy Quick Reference
FAAN Patient Handouts